Zoonotic Diseases and Pregnancy

Type

Animal

Symptoms

Prevention

Other

Toxoplasmosis

Cats

 Muscle aches, headaches, swollen glands, flu-like symptoms (fever, sore throat, fatigue)

  • Do not clean out litter box
  • Avoid stray cats
  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after contact 
  • Can cause birth defects or loss of pregnancy
  • May not have any symptoms but has 1 in 2 chance of passing the illness to her baby 

Chlamydia psittaci

Psittacine birds, sheep, goats, cats, mice, guinea pigs, rabbits, swine, ferrets

 Fever, headache, myalgia, chills, and upper or lower respiratory tract disease

  •  Avoid cleaning cages
  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after contact

 Can cause loss of pregancy

Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus (LCMV)

House mice, hamsters, guinea pigs

 Fever, headache, neck stiffness, fatigue, lack of appetitie, muscle aches, nausea, vomiting

  •  Avoid cleaning cages
  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after contact
  • Keep rodents away from face
  • Avoid contact with wild rodents
  •  Can get LCMV through contact with a rodent's urine, blood, saliva, droppings or nesting materials
  • The infection can also spread when a person breathes in dust or droplets that have LCMV
  • Can cause severe birth defects or loss of pregnancy

Salmonellosis 

Reptiles

 Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pains, diarrhea, fever, chills, muscle aches

  •  Avoid contact with reptiles
  • Clean surfaces that have been touched by reptiles
  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after contact
  •  May be a carrier of disease even if the reptile has a negative test for salmonella
  • Can cause loss of pregnancy

Coxiella burnetti (Q fever)

Sheep, cattle, goats, cats

Fever, chills, retrobulbar (behind the eye) headache, weakness, malaise, profuse sweating 

  • Appropriate use and disposal of protective clothing
  • Use of disinfectants for cleaning
  • Avoid pregnant sheep 
  •  The infection is usually acquired via inhalation of infectious aerosols
  • Organism is shed in urine, feces, milk and especially birth products of domestic ungulates which generally are asymptomatic

 Listeria monocytogenes (Listeriosis)

Sheep

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, influenza-like symptoms 

  •  Avoid cleaning sheep manure
  • Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water after contact
  •  May cuase cervical infections resulting in spontaneous abortion or stillbirth
  • Causes surviving neonatal sepsis and menigitis